Causes of diabetes

Fig. 2 The pancreas. 1. pancreatic head. 4. pa...

Fig. 2 The pancreas. 1. pancreatic head. 4. pancreatic body. 11. pancreatic tail. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

There are a number of causes of diabetes that many people are aware of because of the increase in the media advertising about the disease. However, not all diabetes are as obvious and sometimes getting a formal diagnosis make take years. As such, some causes may not be as obvious or well known as some people may realize, but there are also many misconceptions about the causes as well.

Usually diabetes happens when your pancreas fails to produce sufficient insulin or the insulin that your body has produced does not work as it should, which causes your body’s glucose levels to get too high. However, this varies depending on the type of diabetes. In type one, the destruction of pancreas cells prevents you from producing insulin, which may result possibly from an autoimmune response, a bacterial or viral infection, consumption of chemical toxin contaminated foods, and/or exposure to milk from cows at too young an age. In type two, your pancreas produces the insulin, but your body cells do not respond to it, meaning that you develop an insulin resistance, which may be due to a lack of exercise, obesity, aging, particular medicines, diseases or illnesses that damage or affect your pancreas or pregnancy.

Contrary to popular opinion and rumours, the causes of diabetes cannot be caused by eating bad food, wrong foods or even sweet foods. Though eating those might cause you to become obese, which in regards to the strain on your body due to the weight gain can lead potentially to diabetes, food alone is not the cause. Additionally, stress is not a cause because it has no direct effect on the pancreas or the reaction of the body towards insulin. However, stress can trigger of an immunity reaction whereby the body attacks itself, which can thus lead potentially to diabetes. Most importantly, you cannot catch diabetes as it is not contagious and there is no existing evidence to show that it is hereditary.

The causes of diabetes are very well known. Though many myths exist about its triggers, the reality is that diabetes is mainly caused by the pancreas malfunctioning, the insulin not being effective, excessive weight gain and potentially other illnesses or diseases. However, there are many on-going studies that may yet reveal more information that will help scientists identify which people will get diabetes and why they specifically will get it when others do not. Sometimes, people develop diabetes for completely unknown reasons.

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